HSE-INTRO

Abstract

Your main goal at the oil field is to keep yourself safe and health. HSE-knowledge can help you to achieve this. If it is your first time to hear about HSE, it refers to “health, safety and environment” which they are indispensable for anyone who works in petroleum industry. Everything will be ok if only you have a good knowledge and awareness.
Achieving safety in work place is the responsibility of employers and employees. Employers should provide safety equipment and training. Employees should apply safety inductions.




Introduction


“No job is so important and no service is so urgent that we cannot take time to perform our work safely.”
Safety is part of everyday living. No, if you are not safe you are not living well. We should achieve safety in our home, street, while driving a car and for sure at work. It is the only guarantee that you will be safe. Those who pay no attention towards safety would realize it is importance if only they suffered form an accident, injury or properties damage. More than 90 % of all accidents are avoidable, being caused by human error rather than by mechanical failure.
Talking about our work in oilfield which is classified as one of the most dangerous works in the world. It was the first in danger, but due to the great efforts exerted by companies to provide well-trained employees, it becomes safer and safer.



Blow Out
Nomenclatures

HSE student should understand its nomenclatures and try to apply their meaning and purpose in everyday life. This is the only way to prove for yourself that you have gain this experience as required.

HAZARD
It is unseen danger that has not happened yet. Such as unguarded machine, wire on the floor, cars, lions and everything that can cause injury, death or properties damage.
RISK
The probability of causing damage or injuries due to unseen danger. Such as touching insolated wire and working without PPE.


hazard risk



In order to make it clear, in the figure3.1 it is a snake and it represents a danger so we can call it a “Hazard”, but in the figure3.2 it represents a “Risk” because snake can kill the child.



Hazard

WHERE CAN WE FIND HAZARDS?
  • We can find hazards where human is, due to unsafe acts that comes out from them.
  • In the workplace, hazards exist in different shapes such as air and noise.
  • Machines represent great hazard such as pumps, cutters and welding tools.
  • Chemicals that exist in the work such as H2S, CO, CO2 and H2SO4.
HAZARD TYPES
  • Chemical hazards: explosives, corrosive, flammable, toxic …. etc. materials. All these materials represent real hazards and they are symbolled by figures in the figure 4.1
  • Physical hazards: they exist in mechanical parts movements, electricity, vibrations, noise, heat and radiation.
  • Biological hazards: viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites as indicated in figure 4.2
  • Ergonomic hazards: that result due to repeated work such as sitting for long time and shifts as indicated in figure 4.3 and figure 4.4
  • Psychological hazards: these types of hazards result from work stresses.
Chemical hazards Biological hazards
Ergonomic hazards Ergonomic hazards


Hazards are generally grouped into two broad categories:



  • Safety and Injury Hazards
  • Health and Illnesses Hazards

Health and Illnesses Hazards are very important also as if employees have bad health these will affect work rate.

Conclusion

Safety comes first before anything. Injuries result in pain and suffering and may leave a person disabled or handicapped for life. Even minor injuries may cause loss of time from work and lost pay. Insurance benefits are helpful, but compensation payments cannot restore a life, hand, eye or leg. Otherwise damaged machines could be repaired or replaced. Always remember that “safety is no accidents”.



References:

  • Shell Distance Learning Program “WDPL”.
  • SKM 4353 SAFETY IN PETROLEUM ENGINEERING, UTM.
  • Nubaria Gas company safety course.